MassMobility

Package: inet.mobility.single

MassMobility

simple module

This is a random mobility model for a mobile host with a mass. It is the one used in "Optimized Smooth Handoffs in Mobile IP" by Perkins &Wang.

"An MH moves within the room according to the following pattern. It moves along a straight line for a certain period of time before it makes a turn. This moving period is a random number, normally distributed with average of 5 seconds and standard deviation of 0.1 second. When it makes a turn, the new direction (angle) in which it will move is a normally distributed random number with average equal to the previous direction and standard deviation of 30 degrees. Its speed is also a normally distributed random number, with a controlled average, ranging from 0.1 to 0.45 (unit/sec), and standard deviation of 0.01 (unit/sec). A new such random number is picked as its speed when it makes a turn. This pattern of mobility is intended to model node movement during which the nodes have momentum, and thus do not start, stop, or turn abruptly. When it hits a wall, it reflects off the wall at the same angle; in our simulated world, there is little other choice."

This implementation can be parameterized a bit more, via the changeInterval and angleDelta parameters. The parameters described above correspond to the following settings:

    • changeInterval = normal(5, 0.1)
    • angleDelta = normal(0, 30)
    • speed = normal(avgSpeed, 0.01)

3D (spatial movement) is also supported using rotationAxisAngle parameter.

Author: Emin Ilker Cetinbas, Andras Varga

MassMobility

Inheritance diagram

The following diagram shows inheritance relationships for this type. Unresolved types are missing from the diagram.

Extends

Name Type Description
MovingMobilityBase simple module

Abstract base module for mobility models.

Parameters

Name Type Default value Description
subjectModule string "^"

module path which determines the subject module, the motion of which this mobility model describes, the default value is the parent module

coordinateSystemModule string ""

module path of the geographic coordinate system module

displayStringTextFormat string "p: %p\nv: %v"

format string for the mobility module's display string text

updateDisplayString bool true

enables continuous update of the subject module's position via the display string

constraintAreaMinX double -inf m

min x position of the constraint area, unconstrained by default (negative infinity)

constraintAreaMinY double -inf m

min y position of the constraint area, unconstrained by default (negative infinity)

constraintAreaMinZ double -inf m

min z position of the constraint area, unconstrained by default (negative infinity)

constraintAreaMaxX double inf m

max x position of the constraint area, unconstrained by default (positive infinity)

constraintAreaMaxY double inf m

max y position of the constraint area, unconstrained by default (positive infinity)

constraintAreaMaxZ double inf m

max z position of the constraint area, unconstrained by default (positive infinity)

updateInterval double 0.1s

the simulation time interval used to regularly signal mobility state changes and update the display

faceForward bool true
initialX double uniform(constraintAreaMinX, constraintAreaMaxX)
initialY double uniform(constraintAreaMinY, constraintAreaMaxY)
initialZ double nanToZero(uniform(constraintAreaMinZ, constraintAreaMaxZ))
initialMovementHeading double uniform(0deg, 360deg)

initial heading

initialMovementElevation double 0deg

initial elevation

initFromDisplayString bool true

enables one time initialization from the subject module's display string

changeInterval double

frequency of changing speed and angle (can be random)

angleDelta double

rotate velocity vector by this much around the rotation axis defined by the rotationAxisAngle parameter (can be random)

rotationAxisAngle double 0deg

defines a vector in the plane perpendicular to the velocity, where 0 deg means the Z axis when bank is zero (can be random)

speed double

speed (can be random, updated every changeInterval)

Properties

Name Value Description
display i=block/cogwheel
class MassMobility

Signals

Name Type Unit
mobilityStateChanged inet::MobilityBase

Source code

//
// This is a random mobility model for a mobile host with a mass. It is the
// one used in "Optimized Smooth Handoffs in Mobile IP" by Perkins &Wang.
//
// "An MH moves within the room according to the following pattern. It moves
// along a straight line for a certain period of time before it makes a turn.
// This moving period is a random number, normally distributed with average of
// 5 seconds and standard deviation of 0.1 second. When it makes a turn, the
// new direction (angle) in which it will move is a normally distributed
// random number with average equal to the previous direction and standard
// deviation of 30 degrees. Its speed is also a normally distributed random
// number, with a controlled average, ranging from 0.1 to 0.45 (unit/sec), and
// standard deviation of 0.01 (unit/sec). A new such random number is picked
// as its speed when it makes a turn. This pattern of mobility is intended to
// model node movement during which the nodes have momentum, and thus do not
// start, stop, or turn abruptly. When it hits a wall, it reflects off the
// wall at the same angle; in our simulated world, there is little other
// choice."
//
// This implementation can be parameterized a bit more, via the changeInterval
// and angleDelta parameters. The parameters described above
// correspond to the following settings:
//    - changeInterval = normal(5, 0.1)
//    - angleDelta = normal(0, 30)
//    - speed = normal(avgSpeed, 0.01)
//
// 3D (spatial movement) is also supported using rotationAxisAngle parameter.
//
// @author Emin Ilker Cetinbas, Andras Varga
//
simple MassMobility extends MovingMobilityBase
{
    parameters:
        double initialX @unit(m) = default(uniform(constraintAreaMinX, constraintAreaMaxX));
        double initialY @unit(m) = default(uniform(constraintAreaMinY, constraintAreaMaxY));
        double initialZ @unit(m) = default(nanToZero(uniform(constraintAreaMinZ, constraintAreaMaxZ)));
        double initialMovementHeading @unit(deg) = default(uniform(0deg, 360deg)); // initial heading
        double initialMovementElevation @unit(deg) = default(0deg); // initial elevation
        bool initFromDisplayString = default(true); // enables one time initialization from the subject module's display string
        volatile double changeInterval @unit(s); // frequency of changing speed and angle (can be random)
        volatile double angleDelta @unit(deg); // rotate velocity vector by this much around the rotation axis defined by the rotationAxisAngle parameter (can be random)
        volatile double rotationAxisAngle @unit(deg) = default(0deg); // defines a vector in the plane perpendicular to the velocity, where 0 deg means the Z axis when bank is zero (can be random)
        volatile double speed @unit(mps); // speed (can be random, updated every changeInterval)
        @class(MassMobility);
}

File: src/inet/mobility/single/MassMobility.ned